Geneva situated where the Rhone River exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva. Geneva is is Switzerland’s most international city, as it is a worldwide centre for diplomacy and international cooperation, and is widely regarded as a global city, mainly because of the presence of numerous international organisations, Geneva is home to around 200 international organisations, both governmental and non-governmental. Where the European seat of the UNO is based. Even the International Red Cross directs its humanitarian campaigns from here. Geneva has been described as the world's sixth most important financial centre by the Global Financial Centres Index, ahead of Tokyo, Chicago, Frankfurt and Sydney, and a 2009 survey by Mercer found Geneva to have the third-highest quality of life in the world. Geneva has an important and old finance sector, which is specialized in private banking and financing of international trade. It is also an important centre of commodity trade. Besides being a congress city, Geneva is also a centre for culture and history, for trade fairs and exhibitions, and also known as the "Peace Capital". There are 310 hectares of parks, 40'000 trees in public areas, 428'000 plants to embellish the city, including 40'000 rose bushes. It’s in the most beautiful of locations, centred around the point where the River Rhone flows out of Lake Geneva flanked on one side by the Jura ridges and on the other by the first peaks of the Savoy Alps, but for all that, it’s a curiously unsatisfying place to spend more than a few days.
Religion Roman Catholics 39.5%, Protestants 17.4%, Islam 4.4% , Judaism 1.1% , or other religions. 22% of the inhabitants claim no religion/
Position 46°12’ north latitude, 6°09’ east longitude
Geneva’s tourist office is one of the best-equipped and managed in the country, a mine of information on everything to do with the city and canton. The main branch is in the central post, and there’s also a desk within the information office of the Municipality of Geneva (Mon 12am–6pm, Tues–Fri 9am–6pm, Sat 10am–5pm ). Either office can give visitors an adequate street- and transport-map of the city for free. They also have endless stacks of material in English, including the useful Guide Pratique, along with lists of budget hotels, museums, restaurants, galleries, excursions and more – the Young People brochure is particularly comprehensive. During the summer, a bus parked at the station end of the Rue du Mont-Blanc houses “CAR” (Centre d’Accueil et de Renseignements) – they can help with accommodation and transport information (mid-June–early Sept ,daily 8am–11pm).
From 2007, all visitors staying at a hotel, youth hostel or camping in Geneva can benefit from the Geneva Transport Card, with no additional cost. This personal and non-transferable pass is established upon the visitor’s check-in in the hotel, youth hostel or camping of his (her) choice, enabling its holder to use of the entire public transportation network without restriction (bus, train and boat), with validity for the entire duration of his (her) stay including the departure day.
Geneva which on the westernmost fringe of Switzerland has much to offer. International artists perform in the Grand Théâtre and Geneva Opera House, and an extremely diverse range of museums such as the “Musée international de l'horlogerie”, a watch museum with a collection of jewellery watches and musical clocks, and the International Museum of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, which provides an insight into the work of these humanitarian organisations, invite city guests to visit them.
Jet d’eau : visible from afar, the 140-metre-high water jet is the ‘landmark’ of Geneva.
Batiment Des Forces Motrices: It is Geneva's first hydro-electric power plant, built in 1886, providing the city with water and electricity. Today the massive building serves as a 985 seat opera house overlooking the Rhone River.
The Lake Geneva: Geneva's world famous lakefront is the centerpiece of the city and offers endless opportunities for recreation and relaxation throughout the year. The Jet d'eau spouting 140 meters into the air is the world's tallest and symbolizes Geneva's heritage as a leader in the field of hydraulic power.
International Museum of the Red Cross : the birthplace of the International Red Cross houses the only museum dedicated to the history and work of this organisation.
Place Neuve: Bounded by the Conservatory of Music, the Grand Opera Theater, the Rath Museum and the nearby Victory Concert Hall, the square at Place Neuve represents the pinnacle of high culture in Geneva.
Reformation Wall: Located in beautiful Bastions Park, this monument commemorates the major events and figures of the Protestant Reformation. Larger than life statues of Guillaume Farel, Jean Calvin, Théodore de Bèze and John Knox dominate the central part of the 100 meter wall, eternally guarding over their "City of Refuge."
St. Pierre Cathedral : the north tower of the three-naved basilica in the old town of Geneva offers up a unique vista over the city and lake.
Palace of the United Nations : on passing through the paled gate of the Palace of the UNO, visitors enter international territory.
Geneva Festival is the Switzerland National Day, every 1st August. It is the city’s premier annual pageant, held in early August on the waterfront, with music of all kinds, lovemobiles and techno floats on the lake, theatre, funfairs, street entertainers, stalls selling food from around the world, and an enormous lakeside musical fireworks display.
Geneva’s biggest celebration is L’Escalade , commemorating the failed attempt by the Duke of Savoy to seize the town by surprise on the night of December 11–12, 1602. Locals dress up in costume and parade by torchlight around the streets with drums and fifes, groups of kids sing in city-centre cafés, and confectioner’s sell the Marmite d’Escalade, a small pot made of chocolate and filled with marzipan “vegetables” to commemorate a Genevan housewife who dispatched a Savoyard soldier by tipping her boiling soup over his head from a high window. A few days before is the Course d’Escalade, a fun-run through town.
With a myriad of boutiques and department stores, Geneva offers something for everyone. It’s the watch capital of the world, a center for exquisite jewelry, and a place to find high quality Swiss and imported items. Before you leave, don’t forget to purchase some chocolate from one of Geneva’s master chocolate-makers, And the most famous Swiss army knives, they are the ideal gift for anyone - including yourself!
The old town, the heart of Geneva with the shopping and business quarter, holds sway over the left-hand shore. The old town filled with cafes, boutiques and historical landmarks at every turn. A former Roman marketplace, the Bourg-de-Four is the oldest public square in Geneva and remains a hub of activity surrounded by bistros, terraces, bars and other popular meeting spots.
Geneva’s international airport, just 5km northwest of the city on the French border at Cointrin, has to be one of the best-designed in the world. It is connected to both the Swiss railway network, and the French SNCF network, including direct connections to Paris, Marseille and Montpellier. Geneva is also connected to the motorway systems of both Switzerland and France.
Public transport by bus, trolleybus or tram is provided by Transports Publics Genevois, they’re fast, efficient, clean, safe, affordable and they go everywhere. The entire city, including the airport, is covered by Zone 10, tickets for which must be bought before you board from the machines at every stop. A three-stop ticket, which can get you from the station onto the Rive Gauche, costs Fr.1.50. A full city pass is Fr.2.20 (valid one hour) or Fr.5 (one day).
Taxis in Geneva can be hailed in the street, ordered by phone, or found at about 60 authorised taxi ranks in town, airport and main station. In addition, which may be surprising in a modern country like Switzerland, taxis often refuse to take babies and children.
Map of Geneva